Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rhamnaceae

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Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Miller

Leaf arrangement

Alternate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Obtuse

Leaf Margin

Denticulate

Habit : A large straggling climber with recurved prickles.

Habitat and Distribution : More common on the lower slopes. Plains from the coast to 1200m. Throughout the hotter part of India, Sri Lanka.

Indigenous Information : Fruits edible, eating the fruit aids in the secretion of saliva.

Other relevent information : The branches are used in fencing.

Field Tips : Presence of blackish galls on the stem. Leaves asymmetric, 3-nerved.

 

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Names:


Irula : Suri, Battasodali
Tamil : Kottei, Churai Mullu
Hindi : Makoh
Malayalam : Mulli

Flower:

In axillary umbellate cymes, greenish. Flowering from July-November.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, rugose, black when mature. Seed 1, ovoid. Fruiting from October-January.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rhamnaceae