Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Verbenaceae

    Go back

Vitex negundo L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape

Oblanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A large shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common, by riverbanks, along roadsides as hedges. Plains from the coast to 1000m, India, Himalaya, Burma, Afghanistan, China, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia.

Indigenous Information : The whole plant is used during the puberty rituals.

Other relevent information : Flowers attract butterflies and moths. Food plant of the Death's Head Hawk moth. Leaves repel pests in stored grain. Used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Stem 4-angular.

 

No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Names:

English : Common Chaste Tree
Irula : Loki/Neviladi
Tamil : Nalla nochi
Hindi : Sambhalu
Malayalam : Vellanochi

Flower:

In terminal panicles, purple to violet. Flowering peaks from January-April (plains) and July-October (hills).

Fruit :

A drupe, globose. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Verbenaceae