Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Vitex negundo L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape


Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A large shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common, by riverbanks, along roadsides as hedges. Plains from the coast to 1000m, India, Himalaya, Burma, Afghanistan, China, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia.

Indigenous Information : The whole plant is used during the puberty rituals.

Other relevent information : Flowers attract butterflies and moths. Food plant of the Death's Head Hawk moth. Leaves repel pests in stored grain. Used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Stem 4-angular.


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English : Common Chaste Tree
Irula : Loki/Neviladi
Tamil : Nalla nochi
Hindi : Sambhalu
Malayalam : Vellanochi


In terminal panicles, purple to violet. Flowering peaks from January-April (plains) and July-October (hills).

Fruit :

A drupe, globose. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)