Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Boraginaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Trichodesma indicum (L.) R.Br.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate, Alternate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Oblong, Lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Auriculate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A rugose herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Weed of arable lands, fallow fields, ready colonizer. Plains from the coast to 1000m. Afghanistan, sub tropical Himalaya, India, Burma, Philippines, Mauritius.

Indigenous Information : The plant is medicinal and effective in curing ulcers.

Other relevent information : Plant attracts milkweed butterflies.

Field Tips : Leaf auriculate at base with white glands, each gland bears a bristle.

 

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Names:

English : Indian Borage
Irula : Sunku thumbae
Tamil : Kali thumbae, Kaasi thumbae, Palli chedi
Hindi : Chota Kulpha

Flower:

In axillary, solitary terminal racemes, light blue. Flowering peaks from September-November and January-March.

Fruit :

Nutlet, smooth on the outer, rugosely pitted on the inner surface. Seeds obovoid. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Boraginaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)