Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Zygophyllaceae

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Tribulus terrestris L.

Leaf arrangement

Sub opposite

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape


Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A prostrate, spreading herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common weed of wastelands, waysides even in poor soils. Plains from the coast 750m. Through out the tropics and warm temperate regions.

Indigenous Information : Cattle graze on the plant.

Other relevent information : Roots and fruits are used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Branchlets sericeous. Leaves 4-5 pairs, unequal.


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English : Puncture Plant
Irula : Negul
Tamil : Nerinji


In axillary, solitary, golden yellow. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

Schizocarp, five angled, woody, each with pair of unequal spines. Seed 1. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Zygophyllaceae

Tribulus terrestris L.