Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Ulmaceae

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Trema orientalis (L.) Blume

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obovate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Oblique

Leaf Margin

Serrulate

Habit : A small tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in ravines and in clearings, less in plains. Hills above 400m. The tropical  Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Himalaya, Indo China, West and South China, Australia.

Other relevent information : A rapid growing plant, quickly appearing in forest clearing. Planted as shade plant. Bark yields fiber.

Field Tips : Bark grayish-brown with numerous lenticels.

 

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Names:

English : Charcoal tree

Tamil : Ambarathi, Tachaamaram

Malayalam : Ratthi

Flower:

In axillary cymes, in clusters. Flowering peaks from January-March and August-October.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose. Seeds obovoid to globose. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Ulmaceae