Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Meliaceae

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Toona ciliata Roemer

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Paripinate

Leaf Shape

Oblong, Lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Habitat and Distribution : Common in moist deciduous forests. Hills above 1100m. Eastern and Western ghats of India.

Field Tips : Inner wood red, soft and mildly scented. Leaflets in 6-9 pairs, sub opposite.

 

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Names:

English : Indian mahogany
Irula : Kilingi
Tamil : Santhana vembu, Thera tharam
Hindi : Tun

Flower:

In axillary or terminal panicles, white. Flowering from February-March.

Fruit :

A five valved capsule. Seeds 25-30, oblong thin winged at both ends. Fruiting in August.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Meliaceae