Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Combretaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Terminalia paniculata Roth

Leaf arrangement

Opposite, Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Obtuse

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Hills 800-1200m. Peninsular India.

Other relevent information : Good timber species, resistant to fire.

Field Tips : Bark dark brown, cracked, longitudinal. Wood pale brown, smooth.

 

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Names:

English : Flowering Murdah
Irula : Vella mathi
Tamil : Puluvai, Pekarakai, Vem maruthu
Hindi : Kindal
Malayalam : Pillai maruthu

Flower:

In terminal axillary panicles, fragrant, cream. Flowering from June-October.

Fruit :

A drupe rusty tomentose, 3-winged, unequal. Fruiting in dense coppery masses, persistent.

All from Combretaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)