Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Combretaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Terminalia crenulata Roth

Leaf arrangement

Sub-opposite, Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obovate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Sub-Cordate

Leaf Margin

Crenulate

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Some times by river banks. Hills 800-1400m. India and Sri Lanka.

Other relevent information : Good timber species.

Field Tips : Bark greyish black with longitudinal fissures. Wood dark brown streaked with black. Fruit reddish when tender, turning green.

 

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Names:

English : Laurel
Irula : Karumathi
Tamil : Karu maruthu
Hindi : Aina
Malayalam : Thembava

Flower:

In axillary or terminal spikes, cream. Flowering from July.

Fruit :

A drupe, ovoid, 5 winged, horizontal lines on the wing. Fruiting from July onwards.

All from Combretaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)