Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Ovate, Elliptic

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A large evergreen tree

Habitat and Distribution : In a variety of habitats, Shoals, riverbanks, scrub are planted as avenue trees. Upto 1400m. Indian subcontinent, south east Asia, Australia.

Indigenous Information : Honey bitter fruits edible. Bark eaten by Elephants and also used to brew liquor; wood used for fuel.

Field Tips : Bark light grey, smooth; Blaze reddish. Dead bark faking off. Galls oblong on branches, globose on leaf. New foliage-February-March.


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English : Indian blackberry, Black plum, Jambolian

Tamil : Naval
Hindi : Jamun


In panicled cymes, axillary or terminal, creamish. Flowering from March-April and July-August.

Fruit :

A berry, globose, green to red to dark blue when ripe. Seed1. Fruiting from June-July or September-October.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)