Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae

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Solanum nigrum L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Elliptic, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Habit : An erect shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common, by riverbanks, moist places, fallow lands, arable lands. Plains from the coast to 1500m, almost cosmopolitan.

Indigenous Information : Leaves cooked and eaten. It is used cure stomach aches, chest pain, mouth ulcer and for deworming.

 

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Names:

English : Black night shade
Irula : Kakkae dagu
Tamil : Manathallaki, Milaguthakkali


Flower:

In umbels, white. Flowering peaks from December-March.

Fruit :

A berry, juicy, dark blue when ripe. Seeds many, discoid, minutely pitted. Fruiting from February onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae