Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Anacardiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

    Go back

Semecarpus anacardicium L.f.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Oblong, Obovate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A moderate sized tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional to common on slopes upto (500) 750-100m. India, Maliysia to Australia.

Indigenous Information : The fruit is placed in hot embers and infants are exposed for a brief spell to the smoke produced. This helps to build their immunity.

Other relevent information : Marking ink made from latex of pericarp of drupe. Fruits sun dried and eaten in India.

Field Tips : Bark brown. Acrid latex drying black. Leaves thick rusty villous below.


No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a comment


English : Marking Nut Tree
Irula : Ghair
Tamil : Cheran kottai, Shenkottai, Thembarai
Hindi : Bhilawa
Malayalam : Thenkotta


In terminal panicles, greenish. Flowering from May-July.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, ovoid, reniform, seated on a fleshy receptacle. Seed 1, nut. Fruiting in may.

All from Anacardiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)