Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Santalum album L.

Leaf arrangement

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape


Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A small evergreen tree

Habitat and Distribution : Abundant on the lower slopes, plain and foothills to 1400mm. Peninsular India

Indigenous Information : Tender shoots kept as an offering to gods. Cattle graze on the leaves. Fruits are eaten by birds.

Other relevent information : Wood used for carving, distillation of  oil. Usually semi parasitic on the roots of  other trees.

Field Tips : Bark dark grey, rough. Wood hard and closed grained. Sapwood scentless white, heart wood Yellowish-brown, strongly scented


1 Comment »

  1. Am looking for doing business in sandalwood trees. However, I would be great if you could kindly send me a pictures of the sandalwood.
    thanks you

    Comment by Reginald Aipia — January 19, 2014 @ 3:03 pm

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English : Sandalwood
Irula : Ghandha
Tamil : Srigandam
Hindi : Chandan


In terminal or axillary panicles or in cymes, browinish-purple. Flowering peaks from December-April (nearly through the year in the hills).

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, black when ripe. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)