Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Agavaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Sansevieria roxburghiana Schultes & Schultes f.

Leaf arrangement

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Linear, Lanceolate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A stout herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasionally found on dry forested slopes, gravelly soil and rock crevices, less in the plains. Foothills upto 1000m. Coromandel coast.

Indigenous Information : The fibre made from the leaves is very strong, used for tying brooms. The roots are used in medicinal preparations.

Field Tips : Leaves radical, fleshy, sessile, apex flat, gradually tapering, base sub terete. The green-grey leaves have white striations.


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Irula : Godu manji
Tamil : Mottamanji, Marul
Hindi : Marul


In racemes, greenish, tinged purple. Flowering in two seasons from July-September and from December-January.

Fruit :

A large berry, globose, fleshy. Seeds 1-3. Fruiting from January-October.

All from Agavaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)