Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Poiret

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Spathulate, Obovate

Leaf Apex

Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : An armed large shurb or small tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the foothills, scrub jungles, dry deciduous forests from 500-750m. Peninsular India.

Indigenous Information : Porcupine, deer and cattle eat the fruits. The dried and powdered can be used to stun fish. To cure vomiting and diarrhea, the extracts of the barks of cassia fistula and this tree is mixed with small chillies and the juice is taken. Preferred firewood species.

Field Tips : Spines opposite, two-four centimeters long, straight.


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Irula : Kaarai
Tamil : Mathukaarai, Maarivalam, Attadikaarai, Maalankaari, Marakalam.


In axillary fasicles, white turning yellow. Flowering from January-July

Fruit :

A berry, globose ovoid to ellipsoid, 2-celled, with a crown of enlarged calyx lobes, light green colour and resembling small guva. seeds many,smooth. Fruiting persistent.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)