Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Plumbaginaceae

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Plumbago zeylanica L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Elliptic, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Leaf Base

Attenuate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A perennial herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in scrub jungles, wastelands and fallow lands. Found on hills upto 1400m throughout the tropics and subtropics.

Indigenous Information : Root is a strong medicine, sometimes used to induce abortion.

Other relevent information : Caterpillars of the Zebra Blue Butterflies feed on the plant.

Field Tips : Branches ascending. Flowers with glandular stalked calyx.

 

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Names:

English : White Plumbago
Irula : Antu geda
Tamil : Kodivaeli, Chithiramoolam
Hindi : Chitrak, Chita
Malayalam : Thumba

Flower:

In racemes, white. Flowering from December-April.

Fruit :

A five valved capsule enclosed in a persistent calyx. Seeds flat, dark brown or black.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Plumbaginaceae