Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae

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Nicandra physaloides (L.) Gaertner

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Ovate, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Attenuate

Leaf Margin

Sinuate

Habit : A leafy herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common on fallow grounds and weed of cultivation. Found on hills from 900-1200m. Central America, now widely naturalized.

Indigenous Information : Butterflies and Trigona sp. observed foraging on the flowers.

Other relevent information : Roots medicinal.

 

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Names:


Irula : Gumtae



Flower:

Solitary, extra axillary, bluish. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A yellow globose berry, enveloped by inflated persistent calyx. Seeds orange in colour. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae