Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Pedaliaceae

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Martynia annua L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Chordate

Leaf Margin

Sinuate

Habit : A pubescent herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in wastelands, found from coast upto 900m. Tropical and subtropical  America, Mexico, west Pakistan, India, Nepal, Burma.

Indigenous Information : The roots are crushed with lemon and used as medicine.

Other relevent information : Clawed fruits give it the common English name.

Field Tips : Stem purplish green, glandular hairs present. Leaves palmately five-nerved from base.

 

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Names:

English : Tiger-claw
Irula : Puliurugul
Tamil : Thael kodukkukai, Kaakkaa mookuchedi
Hindi : Hathajori

Flower:

In racemes, purple with yellow throat with one to two pink spots on each lobe. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A drupe, ovoid, with two apically curved beaks, splitting into two valves. Seeds many oblong. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Pedaliaceae