Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapotaceae

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Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Leaf Apex

Emarginate

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A semi-evergreen tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional in plains from the coast, in scrub jungles to 900m. Peninsula, NE India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China.

Indigenous Information : Apis cerana and Trigona sp. clonies found in the tree cavity. Wood used as fuel wood.

Field Tips : Milky sap present. Bark grey, smooth, often with conical hard branchlets. Wood red and very hard.

 

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Names:

English : Ceylon Ironwood
Irula : Kalpalai
Tamil : Kannupala, Ulakkaipaalai
Hindi : Khirni

Flower:

In leaf-axils, clustered, fragrant, white. Flowering from December-January.

Fruit :

A berry, ellipsoid, slightly curved, oblong, beaked with persistent style when young. Seed 1. Fruiting February onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapotaceae