Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Anacardiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Mangifera indica L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Sub-Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A tall spreading evergreen tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Plains from the coast up to 1400m. Naturalized or indigenous, India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, West Malaysia.

Indigenous Information : Tender fruits traded. Good firewood species. Bark is used to treat stomach disorders.

Other relevent information : Many variations in the fruit types. Fruits edible. Wood is used for planks, crates and boats. Many mammals eat the fruit. Leaves used in ceremonies.

Field Tips : Bark rough, dark grey.

 

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Names:

English : Mango
Irula : Karae
Tamil : Maa
Hindi : Aam
Malayalam : Maavu

Flower:

In terminal panicles, cream. Flowering from January-March.

Fruit :

A drupe, ovoid-oblong, yellow when ripe. Seed 1. Fruiting from July-August.

All from Anacardiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)