Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapotaceae

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Madhuca indica J. Gmelin

Leaf arrangement

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic

Leaf Apex

Apiculate

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A medium sized semi-evergreen tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Less in plains and scrub jungles, hill slopes up to 900m. India and Burma.

Indigenous Information : Spotted deer, Sambar and boars eat the fruits. Seeds yield oil which is used in curing paralysis, fever and joint aches, especially the hip.

Other relevent information : Spirit is distilled from flowers, in Central and East India.

Field Tips : Tree produces latex when cut.

 

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Names:


Irula : Illupai
Tamil : Kattu illupai
Hindi : Mahua

Flower:

Solitary or clustered, axillary, cream, fragrant. Flowering from March-April.

Fruit :

A berry, ovoid. Seeds 2, ellipsoid. Fruiting from May onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapotaceae