Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Lamiaceae

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Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link

Leaf arrangement

Whorled, Decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Linear

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Serrate

Habit : An erect herb, scabrid.

Habitat and Distribution : Common wayside weed, locally abundant in fallow fields, wastelands etc. Plains from the coast; smaller in size in the hills. Indian subcontinent.

Indigenous Information : Many medicinal uses of this plant including veterinary medicine. The flower and leaf are important for rituals.

Other relevent information : Bees pollinate the flowers. Leaves used in traditional medicine.

 

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Names:


Irula : Thumbai
Tamil : Thumbai
Hindi : Gopha, Chota halkusa
Malayalam : Thumba

Flower:

A verticillaster, white, arranged in terminal whorls and also in upper axis. Flowering from July-November.

Fruit :

A nutlet. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Lamiaceae