Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Habit : An erect herb, scabrid.
Habitat and Distribution : Common wayside weed, locally abundant in fallow fields, wastelands etc. Plains from the coast; smaller in size in the hills. Indian subcontinent.
Indigenous Information : Many medicinal uses of this plant including veterinary medicine. The flower and leaf are important for rituals.
Other relevent information : Bees pollinate the flowers. Leaves used in traditional medicine.
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Irula : Thumbai
Tamil : Thumbai
Hindi : Gopha, Chota halkusa
Malayalam : Thumba
Flower:A verticillaster, white, arranged in terminal whorls and also in upper axis. Flowering from July-November.
Fruit :A nutlet. Fruiting throughout the year.