Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Lythraceae

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Lawsonia inermis L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obovate, Elliptic

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Attenuate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A deciduous shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Plains and lower hills, often cultivated. Central Asia and India.

Indigenous Information : Leaf paste is used to dye hands.

Field Tips : Branchlet tips spiny. Bark grayish brown, thin.

 

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Names:

English : Henna, Egyptian Privet
Irula : Ugguru kannu soppu
Tamil : Marudani
Hindi : Mehendi
Malayalam : Mailanji

Flower:

In terminal panicles, cream, fragrant. Flowering from January-April.

Fruit :

A capsule, globose. Seeds many, flat. Fruits persistent.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Lythraceae