Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Malpighiaceae

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Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Obtuse

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A large liana.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common and abundant by stream banks. Foothills to 1300m. Throughout India, Sri Lanka, parts of South east Asia.

Indigenous Information : The bark is used in medicinal preparations.

Other relevent information : Leaves used to roll cheroots.

Field Tips : New foliage coppery. Dried branches peel off in layers. Branchlets densely woolly. Petals fringed at margin.

 

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Names:


Irula : Piki ambu
Tamil : Kurkatikodi, Karipakkukodi


Flower:

In terminal or axillary racemes, white. Flowering from February-April and August-December.

Fruit :

Samara with 3 unequal wings, golden brown. Seed 1, globose. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Malpighiaceae