Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Hernandiaceae

    Go back

Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape


Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A large deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Abundant along river banks in deciduous forests. Plains up to 900m. Tropics.

Indigenous Information : A preferred nesting site of Apis dorsata and Trigona sp. The honey from these flowers will be watery. The bark along with cumin is used to treat fevers and drive away evil spirits. Tamarind should not be used while taking this medicine.

Field Tips : Bark grayish white, thin with a silvery luster.


No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment


Irula : Thanuku
Tamil : Vallai Thanuku, Kaathadi


In sub terminal panicles, greenish yellow. Flowering from January-February.

Fruit :

A drupe, obovoid, globose, longitudinally ribbed, crowned by two spathulate wings. Seed 1, obovoid. Fruiting from March-May.

All from Hernandiaceae

Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.