Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Hernandiaceae

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Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Truncate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Abundant along river banks in deciduous forests. Plains up to 900m. Tropics.

Indigenous Information : A preferred nesting site of Apis dorsata and Trigona sp. The honey from these flowers will be watery. The bark along with cumin is used to treat fevers and drive away evil spirits. Tamarind should not be used while taking this medicine.

Field Tips : Bark grayish white, thin with a silvery luster.

 

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Names:


Irula : Thanuku
Tamil : Vallai Thanuku, Kaathadi


Flower:

In sub terminal panicles, greenish yellow. Flowering from January-February.

Fruit :

A drupe, obovoid, globose, longitudinally ribbed, crowned by two spathulate wings. Seed 1, obovoid. Fruiting from March-May.

All from Hernandiaceae

Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.