Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Erythroxylaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obovate, Elliptic

Leaf Apex

Emarginate

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A small tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common, locally abundant in foothills scrub jungles up to 1000m. Peninsular India and Sri Lanka.

Indigenous Information : Oil from the seed is used to cure psoriasis.

Field Tips : Bark dark brown, rough. Wood is very hard and reddish brown.

 

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Names:

English : Bastard Sandal
Irula : Jeevathalai
Tamil : Devadara, Sembulichan


Kannada : Devadaram

Flower:

Axillary, solitary or fascicled, whitish. Flowering from March-July and October-December.

Fruit :

A drupe, oblong, ripening red. Seed 1. Fruiting with two peaks from July-January and March-May.

All from Erythroxylaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)