Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Sterculiaceae

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Eriolaena hookeriana Wight & Arn.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Chordate, Ovate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A small tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Commonly found in cleared slopes in full sun at 750-1000m. Central and South India.

Indigenous Information : Fruits are eaten by birds, bears and monkeys. Leaves are rolled into cheroots. The mucilage from the bark is mixed with water and given as a cure for stomachaches.

Other relevent information : A strong wood used for agricultural implements and axe handles.

Field Tips : New foliage reddish in December. Capsules persistent.


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Irula : Udupai
Tamil : Uduppai


In axillary cymes, yellow. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A capsule, pyriform, woody. Seeds winged. Fruiting throughout the year.