Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Entada rheedii Sprengel

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Obovate, Ovate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A large liana.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional, upto 1100m. Tropical and South Africa, Sri Lanka, India to China, Malaysia to Australia.

Indigenous Information : Small bird 'sitiki paki' collects the nectar. Seeds are made into a paste with water and cumin. The mixture is boiled and brought to half its original volume. This is used to relieve chest pain. The paste of the seeds is applied on the right side of the abdomen to cure pain in the stomach. A pinch of the kernel powder is added to omelets with small onions and coconut oil. This cures pain in the joints.

Other relevent information : Seeds are cooked and eaten.

Field Tips : The thick stems are spirally twisted and angled.


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English : Ladynut, Mackary Bean
Irula : Manga kodi
Tamil : Yanaikozhinji, Irikki
Hindi : Gila
Malayalam : Kaka valli


In axillary pendulous spikes, cream. Flowering from April-June.

Fruit :

A pod, elongated, jointed, flat, woody. Seeds 10, ovoid, compressed, hard. Fruiting from June onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)