Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Poaceae

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Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Linear, Lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : An unarmed slender bamboo.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional to common in dry regions. Found on hills 400-1000m. Indian subcontinent, absent along the coast.

Indigenous Information : Bamboo found in the warm forests of Kotagiri and Coonoor. Culm is used for construction of roof, making flutes and baskets. The seed kernel is as big as maize and edible. The stem is used to make the buttermilk churning stick. Skin of the stem mixed with lime and lichens are used to make a bandage to heal knife and axe cuts.

Field Tips : Culms erect, with small cavity or none. Nodes swollen. Sheaths covered with golden brown hair or glabrous.

 

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Names:


Irula : Kriva bidur, Siru munga
Tamil : Kal mungil
Hindi : Bans
Malayalam : Kallan mula

Flower:

In compound panicles with spikelets.

Fruit :

Grain ovoid, brownish, beaked.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Poaceae