Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae

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Datura metel L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate Spiral

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Angulate, Elliptic

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Truncate

Leaf Margin

Rarely Entire

Habit : Shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in hills upto 1500m, occasional in plains. On wastelands, famrs, roadsides. Peninsular India.

Indigenous Information : Roots and leaves are used for medicinal purpose. Root good medicine for hangovers. Shoots crushed to prepare a medicine to cure mumps. Flower rolled in leaf of Mallotus philippensis and smoked like a beedi for relief from asthma. Seeds germinate profusely. Seeds crushed, mixed with oil and applied on wounds.

Field Tips : Leaves unequal at base, purplish dark green. Flowers trumpet shaped.

 

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Names:


Irula : Karu Umatha
Tamil : Karu Umathai
Hindi : Dhatura

Flower:

Solitary, white with purple on the outside. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A capsule covered with short blunt spines. Seeds many, circular, compressed, rugose. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Solanaceae