Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Zingiberaceae

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Curcuma pseudomontana Grah.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate Spiral

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : An aromatic herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in forested hill slopes. Western Ghats.

Indigenous Information : Tubers eaten by porcupine and boar.

Other relevent information : Food plant of grass demon skipper butterfly. The small almond shaped tubers are boiled and eaten.

Field Tips : Root stock small with almond-like tubers, white inside at the ends of fleshy fibres. Leaves deeply channeled.

 

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Names:

English : Hill Turmeric
Irula : Kaatumanja
Tamil : Kattumanjal
Hindi : Kebu
Malayalam : Kattumanjal

Flower:

Bright yellow flowers are born among mauve-purple bracts. Flowering form August-September.

Fruit :

A capsule, three-valved. Seeds ovoid. Fruiting from August-September.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Zingiberaceae