Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Cordiaceae

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Cordia gharaf (Forsskal) Ehrenb.ex Asch.

Leaf arrangement

Sub-opposite, Alternate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Oblong, Oblanceolate

Leaf Apex

Sub acute

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional in plains from the coast to 900m. India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Arabia, North Africa.

Indigenous Information : Fruits edible.

Other relevent information : Wood used in making agricultural implements and furniture.

Field Tips : Trunk crooked. Bark grey or brownish grey with longitudinal fissures. Wood hard, brown, streaked.

 

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Names:

English : Grey Leaved Saucerberry, Narrow Leaved Sepistan
Irula : Sellai
Tamil : Sirunaruvuli, Narivirian
Hindi : Lasora, Gondi
Malayalam : Veri, Verasham

Flower:

In terminal clusters, cream. Flowering from October-November.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, green at first maturing pinkish-cream or turning black on ripening. It is held on a saucer-shaped calyx and contains mucilage. Seed 1, stony. Fruiting January onwards.