Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Burseraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Commiphora berryi (Arn.) Engl.

Leaf arrangement

Clustered, Alternate

Leaf Type

Trifoliate

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Sub-orbicular

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Sub-Acute

Leaf Margin

Crenate

Habit : An armed deciduous shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional on the lower dry deciduous slopes in full sun. Plains, scrub jungle to 900m. Peninsular India.

Indigenous Information : The bark is medicinal. The sap is used to cure mouth ulcers.

Field Tips : Leaf fall in February. Wood white. Leaves arising from thorny branches.

 

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Names:


Irula : Esalae mara
Tamil : Mulkilluvai


Flower:

In axillary clusters, white. Flowering in March.

Fruit :

A drupe, ovoid to sub globose, red. Seeds 2. Fruiting in April.

All from Burseraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)