Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Capparaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Cleome gynandra L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape

Obovate

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A much branched annual herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in village wastelands. Coloniser on disturbed grounds as a weed of cultivation. Plains from the coast to 900m. India, south east Asia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia.

Indigenous Information : Leaves are cooked and eaten to improve digestion.

Other relevent information : Seeds and leaves used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Foetid when crushed. Stems glandular, pubescent.

 

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Names:

English : Whiskered Spider Flower
Irula : Bhurlai
Tamil : Nallavelai
Hindi : Aajgandha

Flower:

In corymbose racemes, pink or white. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A capsule, terete, striate, glandular. Seeds many, concentrically ridged and transversely crested. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Capparaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)