Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Vitaceae

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Cissus quadrangularis L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Sub-orbicular, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Rounded

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Serrate

Habit : A rambling shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the plains, from scrub jungles and wastelands to 900m, on thickets. India and widespread in drier parts of Africa and Arabia.

Indigenous Information : The tender stem is made into a chutney which is an appetizer.

Field Tips : Stem four-angular, winged or margined, jointed at the nodes.

 

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Names:


Irula : Naralaikodi, Perandai
Tamil : Perandai

Malayalam : Changalamparanda

Flower:

In umbellate cymes, greenish yellow, red tipped. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A berry, globose, green turning red. Seed smooth. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Vitaceae