Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rutaceae

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Chloroxylon swietenia DC.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Paripinate

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Oblique

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A medium sized densely foliaceous deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common in lower dry deciduous slopes. Hills up to 1200m. Peninsular India and Sri Lanka.

Indigenous Information : Trigona sp. and Apis cerana bee best can be found in the cavities of this tree. The pollen is bitter and eating it can cure indigestion especially after overeating. Shrews and giant squirrels eat the seeds. The wood is termite resistant, hence used for construction. The leaves are crushed with Toddalia sp. and applied for scabies. The wood is used to make ploughs and handles for agricultural implements. The sap wood along with other ingredients is given in small doses to bring out the placenta. A paste made of the leaves and salt is applied with a brush made of the root Pongamia pinnata tree to cure skin diseases.

Other relevent information : Wood used for agricultural implements and is resistant to termites.

Field Tips : Bark deeply fissured, very hard and deep yellow. Leaf fall February-March.

 

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Names:

English : Satin Wood
Irula : Urugul maram, Purusa maram
Tamil : Purush, Porasu, Vaaimaram, Mammarai
Hindi : Bhera

Flower:

In terminal or axillary panciles, cream. Flowering from March-April.

Fruit :

A capsule, three valved, oblong. Seeds 12-15, oblong, compressed, margins angular, apically winged. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rutaceae