Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Ulmaceae

    Go back

Celtis tetrandra Roxb.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obliquely obovate, Rhomboid

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Attenuate

Leaf Margin

Serrate

Habit : A medium sized tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Often in sholas. Hills above 900 m.  Indian subcontinent.

Indigenous Information : Bark yields fibre. Shoots a good medicine for pimples. Rope is made from bark. Bees forage on flowers. Cattle eat the leaves. Fruit eaten by monkeys and birds.

Field Tips : Fruit is hard when dry, edible, bitter to taste.

 

No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Names:

English : Nilgiri Elm
Irula : Kallai, Kadalai, Padhwa
Tamil : Murungan, Kuriyaa


Flower:

In axillary racemes, white. Flowering from January - March.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, ripening yellow, brownish black. Seed 1, globose. Fruiting from February-April. 

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Ulmaceae