Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Celtis philippensis Blanco var. wightii (Planchon) Soep.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A densely foliaceous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common in forest foothills to 1200 m. Tropical Africa to Madagascar, India, Indo China and Southeast Asia.

Indigenous Information : Apis cerana nests can be found in the cavities. Wood used for fuel and construction. The bark is used to cure typhoid.

Field Tips : Bark white outside. Wood very hard. Leaves 3-nerved from base.


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Irula : Korlumuruka maram
Tamil : Ellumbiruthi, Kodaalimuriki

Malayalam : Butha


In short panicles, white. Flowering from December– April.

Fruit :

A drupe, ellipsoid, beaked when young, green, but red when ripe. Fruiting February onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)