Flora of the Nilgiris

Plants from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Verbenaceae
family

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Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl

English Name : Jamaican Bluespike
Irula Name : Neer panai utharani
Tamil Name : Seemainaayuruvi
Hindi Name : Kariyartharani


Habit : A small shrub.

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Priva cordifolia (L.f.) Druce


Irula Name : Bellia ottai




Habit : A profusely branched sticky herb.

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Vitex negundo L.

English Name : Common Chaste Tree
Irula Name : Loki/Neviladi
Tamil Name : Nalla nochi
Hindi Name : Sambhalu
Malayalam Name : Vellanochi

Habit : A large shrub.

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Lantana wightiana Wallich ex Gamble


Irula Name : Jujeki




Habit : A low shrub with scandent or nearly prostrate branches.

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Lantana camara L.

English Name : Common Lantana
Irula Name : Unni chedi
Tamil Name : Unni chedi
Hindi Name : Raimuniya
Malayalam Name : Arippoo, Kongini

Habit : A shrub forming extensive thickets on the hills.

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Gmelina asiatica L.


Irula Name : Esalai
Tamil Name : Sirukumalaan, Mul kumizh



Habit : An armed straggling shrub.

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Vitex altissima L.f.


Irula Name : Neviladi Kai, Mailai, Mailam
Tamil Name : Mayilaadi, Mayalai nochi

Malayalam Name : Maylai

Habit : A densely foliaceous tree with extensive crown.

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Tectona grandis L.f.

English Name : Teak
Irula Name : Thaekku
Tamil Name : Thaekku, Thanagaa
Hindi Name : Sagwan, Sagun
Malayalam Name : Thekku

Habit : A tall deciduous tree.

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Premna tomentosa Willd.


Irula Name : Peethai
Tamil Name : Kolakkatti thekku, Malai thekku



Habit : A moderate sized semi-evergreen tree.

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Gmelina arborea Roxb.

English Name : WHite Kashmir Teak
Irula Name : Goola
Tamil Name : Kumalaa
Hindi Name : Gumbar
Malayalam Name : Kumbil
Kannada Name : Shivani
Habit : A large deciduous tree.

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