Flora of the Nilgiris

Plants from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rubiaceae
family

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Tarenna asiatica (L.) Kuntze ex Schumann


Irula Name : Tharani
Tamil Name : Kura, Tharani



Habit : A large evergreen shrub.

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Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston


Irula Name : Magarai
Tamil Name : Mullukaarai, Theravai, Theranai, Karay chedi



Habit : An armed shrub.

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Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Poiret


Irula Name : Kaarai
Tamil Name : Mathukaarai, Maarivalam, Attadikaarai, Maalankaari, Marakalam.



Habit : An armed large shurb or small tree.

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Randia candolleana Wight. & Arn.


Irula Name : Peria karai




Habit : A small armed tree.

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Canthium dicoccum (Gaertner) Teijsm. & Binnend.


Irula Name : Oppai
Tamil Name : Nekkini, Irambaranthan, Naluvai, Navugu



Habit : A medium sized tree.

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Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. var. parvifolia


Irula Name : Kadamba
Tamil Name : Neer kadambai, Chinna kadamb
Hindi Name : Kadam
Malayalam Name : Vimba

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

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Morinda coreia Buch.-Ham.


Irula Name : Mudhi
Tamil Name : Nuna

Malayalam Name : Manjanathi

Habit : A small deciduous tree.

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Wendlandia thyrsoidea (Roemer & Schultes) Steudel



Tamil Name : Kadambam, Aenaa, Thekkili

Malayalam Name : Puvu

Habit : A small tree.

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Ixora pavetta Andrews

English Name : Small Flowered Ixora, Torch Wood Tree
Irula Name : Gura
Tamil Name : Shulundu, Korivi
Hindi Name : Kota gandhal
Malayalam Name : Suji mulla
Kannada Name : Korgi
Habit : A small evergreen tree.

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Gardenia gummifera L.f.


Irula Name : Kambi
Tamil Name : Kambil, Vellapaavattaa
Hindi Name : Kikemali

Kannada Name : Chitta bike
Habit : A small deciduous tree or shrub.

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