Flora of the Nilgiris

Plants from Fabaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
family

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Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

English Name : Wild Indigo
Irula Name : Kuggai
Tamil Name : Kattukozhinji, Avuri
Hindi Name : Sarphanka, Dhamasia
Malayalam Name : Kozhenjil

Habit : A pubescent villous shrub.

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Crotalaria pallida Aiton


Irula Name : Jelligai mollai




Habit : An erect herbaceous shrub.

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Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.


Irula Name : Koniya kodi
Tamil Name : Poonaikaali
Hindi Name : Kiwach


Habit : A slender climber.

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Clitoria ternatea L.

English Name : Butterfly Bean
Irula Name : Seetha ambu
Tamil Name : Kakkanam
Hindi Name : Aparajitha


Habit : A slender vine.

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Canavalia mollis Wight & Arn.

English Name : Sword Bean
Irula Name : Kathi avarai
Tamil Name : Segapu
Hindi Name : Kad sambal


Habit : An extensive straggler.

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Abrus precatorius L.


Irula Name : Kurukangi
Tamil Name : Gundu mani
Hindi Name : Ratti
Malayalam Name : Kunni

Habit : An unarmed climber.

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Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

English Name : Indian Kino Tree
Irula Name : Ponnai
Tamil Name : Vengai
Hindi Name : Bigasal
Malayalam Name : Venga

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

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Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

English Name : Indian beech
Irula Name : Pongum
Tamil Name : Ponga maram
Hindi Name : Karanj
Malayalam Name : Pungam

Habit : A medium sized deciduous tree.

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Erythrina suberosa Roxb.


Irula Name : Parivalla
Tamil Name : Mullumurungu
Hindi Name : Pangra


Habit : A medium sized deciduous tree.

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Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

English Name : East Indian Rose Wood
Irula Name : Beeti
Tamil Name : Eeti, Thodagathi, Tawadi, Eravad
Hindi Name : Sitsal


Habit : A semi evergreen tree.

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