Flora of the Nilgiris

Plants from Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
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Euphorbia hirta L.

English Name : Common Spurge
Irula Name : Pasal geda
Tamil Name : Amman pacharisi
Hindi Name : Dudhi


Habit : A hispid ascending herb.

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Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees


Irula Name : Kriva bidur, Siru munga
Tamil Name : Kal mungil
Hindi Name : Bans
Malayalam Name : Kallan mula

Habit : An unarmed slender bamboo.

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Caralluma umbellata Haw.


Irula Name : Kallichedi, Chinna Kalli chedi, Narae kathalai
Tamil Name : Kallimulaiyaam, Kalmulaiyan, Sirunkalli, Yerumai kannimulliyaan



Habit : An erect succulent herb.

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Boerhavia diffusa L.

English Name : Common Hogweed
Irula Name : Gurujei
Tamil Name : Mookkaratti, Sarandai, Saarai
Hindi Name : Gadahpurna


Habit : A diffuse herb.

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Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

English Name : Bamboo
Irula Name : Peria mungil, Billia moonga
Tamil Name : Mungil, Periya mungil, Peru varai mungi

Malayalam Name : Mula, Illi

Habit : A tall erect green bamboo with spines.

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Achyranthes aspera L.

English Name : Prickly Chaff Flower
Irula Name : Uthrani
Tamil Name : Naaiyuruvi, Naagarkaai mullu



Habit : An erect herb.

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Datura metel L.


Irula Name : Karu Umatha
Tamil Name : Karu Umathai
Hindi Name : Dhatura


Habit : Shrub.

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Dioscorea tomentosa J. Koenig ex Sprengel


Irula Name : Nurai
Tamil Name : Nalvaelikizhangu, Shaval Kilangu

Malayalam Name : Inthi kachchil, Nuli, Chavu, Pindi

Habit : A spreading vine.

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Dioscorea oppositifolia L.


Irula Name : Rhea Kilangu
Tamil Name : Verrolaivalli, Malayan kizhangukkodi, Kavvala kodi, Thavai kachchu



Habit : A twining vine.

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Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.


Irula Name : Makaali gaasu
Tamil Name : Mahaali kizhanku, Mavillinga kizhanku, Peru nannari

Malayalam Name : Nannari

Habit : A liana.

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