Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Celastraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Cassine glauca (Rottb.) Kuntze

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous, Decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Obtuse

Leaf Margin

Serrate

Habit : An evergreen tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Very common in foothills to 1200 m. India and Sri Lanka.

Indigenous Information : Apis cerana nest in the cavities of the tree and the honey yield is usually high as the bees are able to build large combs here. Parakeets and koels eat the fruit. The leaves and fruit are eaten by cows, goats, deer and peacocks. Wood is used for fire wood, furniture making and house construction. Lichens are found growing on this tree. Watery sap oozes out of cut bark. In the forest when all trees wilt and look dry in the summer, the leaves are still dark green.

Other relevent information : Planted as avenue trees.

Field Tips : Bark relatively thin, blaze grey flesh colored.

 

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Names:


Irula : Mukarasi
Tamil : Kaneera, Karuvali, Khiri
Hindi : Jamrasi

Flower:

In axillary or terminal corymbose cymes, green. Flowering from March - September.

Fruit :

A drupe, oblong. Seed 1. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Celastraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)