Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Cassia tora L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Paripinate

Leaf Shape

Obovate

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Rotund

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A small shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in plains from the coast in low lying places, river banks, fallow fields, wastelands. Found upto 1400m. India to Polynesia.

Indigenous Information : Tender shoots are cooked and eaten.

Other relevent information : Caterpillars of the Emigrant and Grass yellow butterflies feed on the plant.

Field Tips : Foetid smell when broken.

 

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Names:

English : Pot Cassia
Irula : Segutha, Bagarai/Oosi thagarai
Tamil : Tagrai
Hindi : Chakunda

Flower:

In terminal racemes, yellow. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A pod, flat, compressed, brown when mature. Seeds many, oblong, longitudinal. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Caesalpiniaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)