Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Cassia sophera L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Paripinate

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Oblique

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A small shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common on plains upto 900m. India and Sri Lanka.

Indigenous Information : Leaves eaten as vegetable. Caterpillars are found on this plant.

Other relevent information : Preferred food plant of Emigrant butterflies. Bark, leaves and seeds used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Petiole and stem reddish in colour. Foetid when bruised.

 

1 Comment »

  1. Sir,
    what is the differences between Cassia occidentalis and Cassia sopheral. Are they same?

    Comment by Dr K S Bhat — September 21, 2013 @ 3:15 pm

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Names:

English : Senna Sophera
Irula : Thagarai
Tamil : Sulari
Hindi : Kasaunda
Malayalam : Pounantakara

Flower:

In axillary and terminal racemes, yellow. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A pod, terete, brown when mature. Seeds many, compressed, brown. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Caesalpiniaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)