Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Cordiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Spathulate, Obovate

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A small shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the plains, in scrub jungles. Peninsula, Malaysia to Formosa, Philippines.

Indigenous Information : Goats graze on the plant.

Field Tips : Leaves with white-glands, each gland ending in a bristle.

 

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Names:


Irula : Kurunai
Tamil : Kurangu vethilai, Kurinjaa chedi


Flower:

In axillary, solitary, cream. Flowering peaks from January-March and July-September.

Fruit :

A drupe, globose, red when ripe. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Cordiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)