Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Apocynaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Carissa spinarum L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Elliptic, Sub-orbicular

Leaf Apex

Mucronate

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : An armed shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the plains from the coast, in scrub jungles. Found upto 900m, on degraded slopes. India, Sri Lanka, Burma.

Indigenous Information : The bark is used to treat stomach aches. Fruits edible.

Other relevent information : Fruits edible.

Field Tips : Branches zigzag, spines opposite. Leaves mucronate at apex.

 

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Names:


Irula : Sirukavala
Tamil : Sirukilaa
Hindi : Karaunda

Flower:

In axillary and terminal corymbs, white, tinged red outside. Flowering from February-April.

Fruit :

A berry, globose, green, tinged red, ripening dark blue. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Apocynaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)