Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapindaceae

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Cardiospermum halicacabum L. var. luridum (Blume)

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Obtuse

Leaf Margin

Habit : A herbaceous vine.

Habitat and Distribution : Locally abundant in wasteland and disturbed ground, ready colonizer. Plains upto 900m.

Indigenous Information : Cattle fodder. The shoots are roasted and eaten to cure cold and pain in the knee joints. The leaves are cooked as vegetables. The leaf and root are used to cure digestive problems.

Field Tips : Fruits bloated, obscurely 3-lobed, not winged. New growth after summer.

 

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Names:

English : Balloon Vine
Irula : Sipotalie
Tamil : Modakanthan keerai


Flower:

In axillary racemes, white. Flowering from July-February.

Fruit :

A capsule, green. Seeds 3, globose, with a large white, heart-shaped hilum. Fruiting from August-March.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Sapindaceae