Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Asclepiadaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Caralluma umbellata Haw.

Leaf arrangement

Leaf Type

Leaf Shape

Leaf Apex

Leaf Base

Leaf Margin

Habit : An erect succulent herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Locally abundant. Foothills to 1300m among exposed rocks. Indian subcontinent.

Indigenous Information : Tender stem edible, especially as a blood purifier for women. The inner pulp of the stem is an excellent cure for cracked feet.

Field Tips : Stems and branches angled with watery latex. Leaves along the angles, caducous, leaving scars. Flowers foul smelling.

 

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Names:


Irula : Kallichedi, Chinna Kalli chedi, Narae kathalai
Tamil : Kallimulaiyaam, Kalmulaiyan, Sirunkalli, Yerumai kannimulliyaan


Flower:

In terminal umbel, purple with cross stripes. Flowering with a peak from March-April.

Fruit :

A cylindrical follicle, green, with small dark spot, hooked at apex, paired. Seed flattened, broadly margined, with silky white hairs.

All from Asclepiadaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)