Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Burseraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.

Leaf arrangement

Apically clustered

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Oblong, Lanceolate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A medium sized deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional in the hills on the lower dry deciduous slopes to 900 m, in gravelly poor soils in full sun. Central and Peninsular India.

Indigenous Information : Different species of bees like Apis dorsata and Trigona sp. collect resin from the bark. The resin is collected and used as incense for religious rituals.

Field Tips : Bark whitish smooth with strong-smelling resin.


1 Comment »

  1. this plant can be found in nepal? plz reply answer

    Comment by himalayan herbs collection center — December 27, 2012 @ 11:17 pm

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English : Incense Tree, Indian Olibanum
Irula : Dhoopa mara
Tamil : Kungiliyam
Hindi : Salai


In axillary panicles, white. Flowering from February-March.

Fruit :

A drupe, three-four angled. Seed 1. Fruiting April onwards.

All from Burseraceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)