Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Acanthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) Roth

Leaf arrangement

Whorled

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Elliptic, Oblanceolate

Leaf Apex

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A prostrate wiry herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common on bare grounds even in poor gravelly soils, among rocks. Plains from the coast to 1400m. Common to Tropical Africa and India.

Indigenous Information : Edible tuber, quenches thirst.

Other relevent information : Bees pollinate the flowers.

Field Tips : Stem rooting at the nodes.  Bracts white veined with green.

 

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Names:

English : Creeping Blepharis
Irula : Barga poo
Tamil : Kozhimookkan, Kooravaal chedi


Flower:

In axillary clusters among the leaves, white with pink nerves. Flowering peaks from November-February.

Fruit :

A capsule, shining. Seeds 2, (sub)orbicular, flattened. Fruiting from December onwards.

All from Acanthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)